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浅谈恒温泳池的加热方式

来源:未知 发布日期:2018-09-10 10:55 关注次数:

      随着人们(men)生活(huo)品质逐步提高,国家的(de)大力提倡,近年来游泳(yong)池(chi)行业越来越受欢迎,健身(shen)房、私人会所、小区配套(tao)、酒店宾馆、温(wen)泉洗浴、学校(xiao)等都(dou)有游泳(yong)池(chi),那(nei)么(me)二(er)十(shi)四(si)小时恒(heng)(heng)温(wen)泳(yong)池(chi)成了(le)优选,那(nei)么(me)恒(heng)(heng)温(wen)泳(yong)池(chi)恒(heng)(heng)温(wen)有哪(na)些方(fang)式呢?我(wo)们(men)一(yi)起探讨(tao)恒(heng)(heng)温(wen)泳(yong)池(chi)的(de)几种加热(re)方(fang)式。

       游泳池(chi)加(jia)热(re)按(an)泳池(chi)设计要求可分为两种(zhong),分别为恒温(wen)泳池(chi)和非恒温(wen)泳池(chi)。关于(yu)恒温(wen)泳池(chi)的设计加(jia)热(re)方(fang)式的选择问题,要结合(he)当(dang)地情况,常用(yong)的热(re)媒有:电,天燃气,太阳能,蒸汽,煤等。

       1、用(yong)(yong)(yong)电(dian)加(jia)(jia)热(re)(re)(re)(re):用(yong)(yong)(yong)电(dian)加(jia)(jia)热(re)(re)(re)(re)通(tong)常是(shi)(shi)(shi)通(tong)过电(dian)能(neng)(neng)(neng)设(she)备,如(ru)恒(heng)(heng)温(wen)炉(lu)(lu)、空(kong)气(qi)源(yuan)热(re)(re)(re)(re)泵(beng)(beng)等,恒(heng)(heng)温(wen)炉(lu)(lu)直(zhi)接用(yong)(yong)(yong)发热(re)(re)(re)(re)丝加(jia)(jia)热(re)(re)(re)(re),家(jia)用(yong)(yong)(yong)的(de)(de)热(re)(re)(re)(re)水(shui)器(qi)就是(shi)(shi)(shi)这个原理,恒(heng)(heng)温(wen)炉(lu)(lu)设(she)备比较便宜,但用(yong)(yong)(yong)电(dian)量(liang)很(hen)大的(de)(de),如(ru)果一(yi)(yi)个标准池(chi)2250吨水(shui),要把(ba)水(shui)从(cong)10度加(jia)(jia)热(re)(re)(re)(re)到27度,前两天就要几万的(de)(de)电(dian)费,之(zhi)后(hou)(hou)每(mei)天恒(heng)(heng)温(wen)的(de)(de)电(dian)费,也(ye)要近千元(yuan),可想而(er)(er)知(zhi),对泳池(chi)恒(heng)(heng)温(wen)而(er)(er)言(yan),用(yong)(yong)(yong)恒(heng)(heng)温(wen)炉(lu)(lu)是(shi)(shi)(shi)不现实(shi)(shi)(shi)的(de)(de),有(you)(you)一(yi)(yi)句话(hua)特别合适用(yong)(yong)(yong)来(lai)描述:买(mai)的(de)(de)起用(yong)(yong)(yong)不起;热(re)(re)(re)(re)泵(beng)(beng)加(jia)(jia)热(re)(re)(re)(re)其实(shi)(shi)(shi)也(ye)是(shi)(shi)(shi)用(yong)(yong)(yong)电(dian),但热(re)(re)(re)(re)泵(beng)(beng)的(de)(de)运行(xing)费用(yong)(yong)(yong)只有(you)(you)用(yong)(yong)(yong)电(dian)恒(heng)(heng)温(wen)炉(lu)(lu)的(de)(de)1/4,有(you)(you)的(de)(de)可达(da)1/6甚至(zhi)1/8,因为热(re)(re)(re)(re)泵(beng)(beng)的(de)(de)工作原理不是(shi)(shi)(shi)直(zhi)接电(dian)热(re)(re)(re)(re)丝加(jia)(jia)热(re)(re)(re)(re),是(shi)(shi)(shi)用(yong)(yong)(yong)压(ya)(ya)缩机压(ya)(ya)循(xun)环(huan)雪种来(lai)达(da)到屋里(li)变化(hua)得到热(re)(re)(re)(re)能(neng)(neng)(neng),我们知(zhi)道,液(ye)态(tai)(tai)变气(qi)态(tai)(tai),需要吸收热(re)(re)(re)(re)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(吸收空(kong)气(qi)中(zhong)的(de)(de)热(re)(re)(re)(re)能(neng)(neng)(neng)),气(qi)体(ti)压(ya)(ya)缩成(cheng)液(ye)体(ti),也(ye)会产生热(re)(re)(re)(re)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(一(yi)(yi)压(ya)(ya)缩,气(qi)体(ti)自然变成(cheng)高(gao)(gao)温(wen)的(de)(de)液(ye)态(tai)(tai)),热(re)(re)(re)(re)泵(beng)(beng)正是(shi)(shi)(shi)利(li)用(yong)(yong)(yong)这两个物理原理,使(shi)低压(ya)(ya)低热(re)(re)(re)(re)的(de)(de)气(qi)态(tai)(tai)雪种变成(cheng)高(gao)(gao)压(ya)(ya)高(gao)(gao)温(wen)的(de)(de)液(ye)态(tai)(tai),然后(hou)(hou)通(tong)过一(yi)(yi)个反过程(cheng)来(lai)把(ba)热(re)(re)(re)(re)能(neng)(neng)(neng)释放(fang)出来(lai),传递(di)到泳池(chi)水(shui)中(zhong),如(ru)此循(xun)环(huan)实(shi)(shi)(shi)现加(jia)(jia)热(re)(re)(re)(re)的(de)(de),目前,热(re)(re)(re)(re)泵(beng)(beng)恒(heng)(heng)温(wen)泳池(chi),是(shi)(shi)(shi)最(zui)省钱最(zui)划算(suan)的(de)(de),但设(she)备首次投入也(ye)是(shi)(shi)(shi)最(zui)贵的(de)(de),也(ye)用(yong)(yong)(yong)一(yi)(yi)句话(hua)来(lai)说:买(mai)得心疼用(yong)(yong)(yong)得顺心;

       2、用油或(huo)(huo)天然(ran)气(qi)(qi)(qi)加(jia)热,这种方(fang)式比较(jiao)(jiao)合适于油或(huo)(huo)气(qi)(qi)(qi)比较(jiao)(jiao)便宜的地方(fang),如中(zhong)东地区(qu),中(zhong)国有些(xie)区(qu)域管道天然(ran)气(qi)(qi)(qi)也(ye)是比较(jiao)(jiao)便宜的,如江苏或(huo)(huo)重庆,在这些(xie)地方(fang),用天然(ran)气(qi)(qi)(qi)也(ye)是比较(jiao)(jiao)划算的,不(bu)(bu)但设备(bei)便宜,运营起来也(ye)比较(jiao)(jiao)实(shi)惠,不(bu)(bu)过有些(xie)污染环境;

       3、用(yong)太阳(yang)能加热(re)(re),中国在部分地(di)区处于(yu)北(bei)温带地(di)区,太阳(yang)能用(yong)于(yu)家用(yong)洗澡或(huo)几(ji)(ji)立方的小池子还(hai)过得去(qu),如果(guo)有几(ji)(ji)十立方的池子,都还(hai)需陪配空(kong)气源热(re)(re)泵或(huo)恒(heng)温器来备用(yong),不然,也不能恒(heng)温,用(yong)于(yu)加热(re)(re)几(ji)(ji)十吨(dun)或(huo)百吨(dun)以上(shang)的泳池,是不可能的。

       4、蒸(zheng)汽(qi)或热(re)(re)水,其实这个(ge)(ge)是一个(ge)(ge)间接利用,最初的(de)蒸(zheng)汽(qi)与热(re)(re)水从何而来呢,有三种(zhong)情况:a)用以上三种(zhong)方式产生而来;b)温泉或地热(re)(re);c)工业余(yu)热(re)(re),如(ru)热(re)(re)电厂(chang)、玻(bo)璃厂(chang)就有大量热(re)(re)水或蒸(zheng)汽(qi),泳池如(ru)果(guo)在附近,可以考虑用工厂(chang)的(de)余(yu)热(re)(re)来加热(re)(re),核心设(she)备也(ye)就是一台板式换热(re)(re)器。